A migraine is a unilateral or bilateral benign recurring headache. It is common to be able to predict the occurrences before they begin. They are usually characterized by an aura, with or without associated visual and stomach disturbances. Although any age may be affected, there is an increased incidence among females aged 10 to 30 years. Migraines may be caused by stress, excessive sleep, menstruation, pregnancy, use of oral contraceptives, and consumptions of red wines, chocolates, nuts or aged cheeses. Other factors may include hunger, fatigue, sleep disturbance, bright lights, and alcohol consumption. Structurally, migraines can start from a misalignment of the upper cervical spine or TMJ, and adjustments typically lessen if not eradicate the onset and intensity of migraines.
- Moderate to severe pulsating pain
- Nausea, vomiting
- Sensitivity to light
- Episode worsens with physical activity
- Sweating or chills